Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy. Would you like to learn more about CBT or prepare for your treatment? In this 3 minute video, you’ll learn everything you need to know about CBT. You can also read the explanation below the video.
The CBT treatment focuses on discussing and treating the behaviours and thoughts that sustain your problems. You will investigate the connection between your thoughts, feelings and behaviour. And you will learn how to turn the thoughts that generate unwanted feelings into helpful thoughts that instead create desired feelings. The effectiveness of CBT has been shown in scientific research. Treatment is complaint- or problem-oriented and generally takes a short amount of time. The goal is to learn to think more realistically and become more balanced. Even after treatment, you may still find situations difficult, but you will no longer see them as a ‘disaster’.
Part of CBT involves filling out thought records, challenging thoughts, doing exposure assignments and behavioural experiments.
Consistency of thoughts, behaviour and feeling
Thoughts, ideas and perception play an important role in psychological complaints. For example, people with major depressive disorder often find that minor disappointments or setbacks can elicit a pattern of negative thoughts about themselves, about the future, and about the world. These negative thoughts almost become automatic.
The way you think determines your perspective of situations. Two people who find themselves in the same situation may react very differently. As an example, we take Jan and Piet who board the same bus. In this bus is a group of children who suddenly burst out laughing. Jan thinks: “I’m sure they are laughing at me”, giving him a sad feeling. He gets off at the next bus stop because he feels too uncomfortable. Piet thinks: “Oh, those kids are having a good time, they must have had a nice day”, and this gives him a pleasant feeling. Piet stays on the bus until he reaches his destination and gets off cheerfully. This is an example of how the same event can create a different feeling in two people. Because of their automatic thoughts, they interpreted the situation differently. Thoughts influence how you feel and, luckily, our thoughts can be changed!
Cognitive therapy is a systematic method that helps you to understand these thoughts that lead to unpleasant feelings. By learning to think differently, you can reduce your negative feelings.
Three steps are taken:
- You learn to become aware of the negative automatic thoughts;
- You learn to become aware of the underlying beliefs;
- You learn to challenge and investigate the negative automatic thoughts and opinions by asking critical questions about them. You will then consider whether other interpretations or thoughts are possible.
The behavioural part of the therapy
Your thoughts can influence your feelings and behaviour. Conversely, your own behaviour can also reinforce your negative automatic thoughts. Think back to Jan who got off the bus. Because of his behaviour, he did not learn that his thoughts may have been wrong. In fact, the other kids might not like him because he left so suddenly. That is why you will not only examine your thoughts, but you will also work on your behaviour. You do this by doing exercises, such as experiments or exposure exercises. Together with your professional, you will learn to put your new behaviour into practice.
In the end
The CBT treatment aims to teach you how to think more realistically and to be able to deal with your complaints. Remember that you can still experience situations as difficult even after finishing your treatment, but the treatment will help you to no longer see them as a ‘disaster’. You conclude the treatment by making a relapse prevention plan, which gives you the confidence to be able to deal with difficult moments in the future.
Bron: Keijsers, G. P. J., Van Minnen, A., Verbraak, M., Hoogduin, C. A. L. & Emmelkamp, P., (2017). Protocollaire behandelingen voor volwassenen met psychische klachten.