The Diagnostic Manual for Psychologists (DSM-5) indicates that the following symptoms are associated with depression:
- Depressed mood during most of the day, almost every day;
- Reduction of interest or pleasure in (almost) all activities, almost all day, almost every day;
- Inadvertent, obvious weight loss or weight gain, or a decreased or increased appetite almost every day;
- Sleep complaints: not being able to sleep (sufficiently), sleeping too much, almost every day;
- Psychomotor agitation, restlessness or inhibition almost every day;
- Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day;
- Feelings of worthlessness, or excessive and wrongful guilt;
- Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness;
- Recurring thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicidal ideation with or without plans, or attempted suicide.
To be diagnosed with depression, 5 or more of the above symptoms must be present for a period of at least two consecutive weeks. With the help of your practitioner, you will determine whether you are suffering from mild, moderate or severe depression.