The Diagnostic Manual for Psychologists (DSM-5) indicates that the following symptoms are associated with depression:

  1.    Depressed mood during most of the day, almost every day;
  2.    Reduction of interest or pleasure in (almost) all activities, almost all day, almost every day;
  3.     Inadvertent, obvious weight loss or weight gain, or a decreased or increased appetite almost every day;
  4.     Sleep complaints: not being able to sleep (sufficiently), sleeping too much, almost every day;
  5.     Psychomotor agitation, restlessness or inhibition almost every day;
  6.     Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day;
  7.     Feelings of worthlessness, or excessive and wrongful guilt;
  8.     Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness;
  9.     Recurring thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicidal ideation with or without plans, or attempted suicide.

To be diagnosed with depression, 5 or more of the above symptoms must be present for a period of at least two consecutive weeks. With the help of your practitioner, you will determine whether you are suffering from mild, moderate or severe depression.

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